Neonatal eczema is chronic dermatitis difficult to cure completely. After being treated, the disease can still recur many times and lead to eczema. Therefore, knowing the information about eczema will help mothers have the right treatment and prevention for their children.
Important information about eczema in newborns
The following information will help you understand the causes, symptoms, and treatment of eczema:
What is eczema?
Eczema is also known by many names such as atopic dermatitis. This is an early stage of atopic eczema, characterized by dry, red patches of skin on the skin. The affected skin can appear anywhere on the body, but the most susceptible organ is the baby with eczema on the face, cheeks, and then it can spread in both arms, legs, or the entire body. At first, the skin only appears pink spots, then they turn into blisters, the skin is red, cracked skin. Shortly after, these skin areas will excrete, crust, and cause peeling on the skin.
Eczema usually occurs in children of infancy or children under 1 year of age, including healthy children. When children reach the age of 2-4, eczema will disappear. But for those over 4 years of age who have not yet recovered, the disease has a long-term risk of progressing to chronic and becoming eczema.
The cause of the illness
Eczema is an immune system disorder in children, the cause of which is very complicated and has not been clearly defined. However, the risk factors that we can mention include:
- Inherited: Eczema has a genetic predisposition. Babies who have a parent who has had asthma, allergies, allergic rhinitis, or eczema are at higher risk than others.
- Atopic allergies: When your baby is exposed to allergens such as dust, pet hair, mold, digestive disorders, food, milk, infections … can change the metabolism inside and outside the body, causing illness.
Also, dry weather, bath soap, detergents, washing-up liquid, etc. are factors that can provoke and worsen eczema.
Symptoms of eczema in newborns
As already mentioned, eczema usually appears in children under 6 months old. They usually appear on the face, cheeks, can spread to the entire body … First, the disease only makes the baby’s skin appear red spots, then into small red blisters. They will cause skin cracking, watering, crusting, and finally desquamation. If you touch your skin with the hands of milky skin, you will feel rough, small scales, the skin will become dry and tight. These areas often appear on the face, neck, elbows, back of the hands behind the knees, ankles …
Your baby may have more allergic symptoms of rhinitis or asthma. These symptoms are very uncomfortable so your child will often fuss more, cry less, sleep poorly. The affected skin area causes itching, so children often scratch an itch. This can cause the blisters to burst, causing bleeding. If not properly cleaned, the skin is very susceptible to infection or superinfection. It will make it difficult to treat while leaving scars and disfavor for the child.
Things to keep in mind when treating eczema in infants
Eczema is an atopic allergic disease, so it is difficult to treat completely. The treatment is only aimed at minimizing symptoms, normalizing the skin, limiting recurrence. In treating children, parents need to pay attention to:
To treat eczema in newborns, do not take high doses of antibiotics, except for babies who have multiple infections. But even when using the drug at low doses also need to be cautious, avoiding anaphylactic shock to the child.
Many parents have used · using the best baby lotion for eczema to help improve eczema in children. This method has a positive effect on controlling the dryness, itching, discomfort, redness, etc. caused by eczema. With a child’s sensitive, irritated skin, choosing the right treatment product is difficult.
Do not use high concentrations of topical corticosteroids for adults to apply to children. Because they can cause skin atrophy, discoloration of the skin, or can cause adrenal insufficiency if used for a long time.
They can use Corticosteroids at low doses to treat babies with skin lesions, flaky skin, and dry skin. However, it should only be used for brief periods from 5 to 7 days. To ensure that the treatment is carried out smoothly and safely, mothers should carefully consult a doctor.
For areas with redness or discharge, apply a mild antiseptic solution.
Need to ensure humidity in the room if the child sleeps in a closed room with air conditioning.
Should keep the environment around the baby in a stable state, not too cold, not too hot and the temperature does not change too quickly. A cool, clean, peaceful living space will make your baby’s recovery speed faster.
Children should not eat foods that were allergic such as eggs, fermented foods, peanuts, seafood, tomatoes … Because these foods can cause eczema in babies.
For children with severe eczema, be careful to keep their body temperature clean and cool. Do not let your baby’s skin get sweaty, change clothes and diapers often.
Precautions for eczema in newborns
To prevent eczema, mothers need to pay attention to proper nutrition, personal hygiene, and creating a comfortable living environment for babies. Here are measures that parents can refer and apply:
- Nutrition: Babies should be breastfed for as long as possible when the baby is in the newborn age. The mother should give supplementary foods for children from the sixth month onwards. Do not let your baby eat foods that cause allergies such as peanuts, milk, fermented foods …
- Regular baby hygiene: The mother should not bathe the baby with soap, shower gel for too long. Only use products for babies to avoid skin irritation. Bathing with warm water is essential because it will help to reduce itching and discomfort.
- Environmental hygiene: This is also a suitable way to treat eczema. Regular cleaning of the house, maintaining proper room temperature, providing the moisture … will help your baby feel more comfortable.
Above is the information you need to know about neonatal eczema and its treatment. Although seldom cause serious health problems, eczema can cause discomfort, even losing the aesthetics for children. Therefore, parents should pay attention to and treat their children as soon as possible.